This report was published in The Times of India on 03/02/2023
The Economic Review states that the unemployment rate in Kerala increased from 10.0% in 2019-20 to 10.1% in 2020-21. The unemployment rate among males was 7.5% and 15.1% among females. The unemployment rate was 6.4% among males and 13.4% among females in rural areas, while in urban areas, the corresponding figures were 8.7% and 17.4%, respectively.
It also pointed out that the unemployment rate was highest among the youths- 33% in rural areas and 34.5% in urban areas. Similarly, the unemployment rate was higher among female youths compared to male youths.
“Those under MGNREGA are a strong defined workforce in the rural sector. The state has to plan to use the Ayyankali urban employment guarantee scheme, which is meant to improve the livelihood and employment among those in urban areas., to chart a new course of work system suited for cities,” said N Ajith Kumar, director, Centre for Socio-Economic and Environmental Studies. “There is a large silent women workforce that is educationally qualified but reluctant to do certain kinds of labour or work. This workforce can be used accordingly so that more people can join,” he said.
The report said job opportunities in the organized private sector has been slowly rising till 2020 but declined in 2021. In 2022, of the 12.5 lakh persons employed in the organised sector, 5.6 lakh (44.8%) are in the public sector and 6.9 lakh (55.2%) in the private sector. Employment opportunities in both public and private sectors increased slightly in 2022.