This evaluation study was conducted in 2009 for the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. CSES was selected to undertake the study through a competitive national bidding procedure. The study involved survey of households, health institutions and other stakeholders. It also involved in-depth discussions with senior staff of the National Rural Health Mission. Ten different types of questionnaires for canvassing information and opinions from different stakeholders were made use of for the study.